Babeş-Bolyai University in collaboration with the Romanian Academy –
Center for Transylvanian Studies, and the History Institute – Academy of Sciences of Moldova invites you to the International Conference
The End of an Era:
World War One and the Birth of a New World Order
Cluj-Napoca, 18-20 October 2018
The Great War completely changed geopolitical borders, economic systems, social structures, technology, and mentalities. Four great empires disappeared from the world map, and upon their ruins new states with new frontiers emerged. The political order of Europe, but also of other parts of the world, was deeply restructured. The Great War therefore shook the social order of the world. The aristocracy lost its dominant position, and the middle classes and workers began to claim an increasingly important role in society.The enormous number of casualties caused by the war also created emancipation opportunities for women: access to higher education, positions previously reserved for men only, or the right to vote in some states of the world. The very way of fighting a war underwent irreversible changes – the old weapons and strategies were replaced by others in which technology played an essential role, and cavalry attacks were replaced by tanks, planes and submarines.
For Romania, the end of the war meant a huge chance to unite all the Romanian historical provinces within the borders of the same state, and to rebuild itself as a genuine regional power. The centenary of this pivotal moment for the Romanian people provides a good opportunity for a retrospective approach and re-evaluation of this event whose lasting effect still makes itself felt in some areas today.
We invite papers focusing on the following possible topics:
- Woodrow Wilson and Wilsonianism;
- The geopolitical reorganization of Europe at the end of the Great War;
- The birth of Great Romania in 1918;
- The emergence of new state formations and their international acknowledgment;
- Alliances at the end of the war;
- Changes in political thinking after the Great War;
- The economic effects of the war;
- The impact of war on social classes; revolutionary movements;
- The Great War and the premise of technological and industrial advancement;
- One century later: the lasting consequences of the Great War.
Proposals are not restricted to these suggestions. We invite individual presentations, thematic sections/ panels, roundtable discussions in accordance with the rules and calendar of the conference.
The official languages of the conference are Romanian and English